Finding Aid for the Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection, circa 1885-1890 MS.14

Summary Information

Repository
The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives10 East 71st Street
New York, NY, 10021
archives@frick.org
 © 2010 The Frick Collection. All rights reserved.
Creator
Stokes, Frank Wilbert, 1858-1955.
Title
Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection
ID
MS.14
Date
circa 1885-1890
Extent
1.0 linear feet (2 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Abstract
Seventy-four photographs of artists in their Paris studios circa 1885-1890, collected by artist Frank W. Stokes, many taken by Eduardo Fiorillo.

Preferred Citation

Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection, circa 1885-1890. Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.

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Historical Note

Frank W. Stokes (1858-1955), a New York artist known for his paintings of the polar regions, which he called "icescapes," was born in Nashville, Tennessee. He first studied under Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia. Stokes spent five years in France from 1887-1892, studying in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Jean Leon Gerome (see box 1, folder 29) and at the Academie Colarossi and Academie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre (box 2, folder 6).

Upon returning to America, Stokes served as staff artist for three Robert Edwin Peary expeditions to Greenland and the Arctic Regions from 1892-1894. He also joined Otto Nordenskjold in a 1901 expedition to Antarctica. These experiences provided inspiration for hundreds of paintings of the Polar Regions. Stokes' "icescapes" were exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian, and other galleries and museums in London, Paris, and the U.S. He authored several illustrated articles based on his polar experiences for Century Magazine, including an "An Artist in the Antarctic" and "The Aurora Borealis."

Mr. Stokes' most familiar works of art are the commissioned mural decorations of the Eskimo Hall in the American Museum of Natural History. These paintings of the Greenland Eskimos were presented to the museum by Arthur Curtiss James in 1909.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains seventy-four albumen prints mounted on cardboard. They range in size from 9 x 11.5 in. to 10 x 12 in. The photographs are images of artists in their Paris studios taken circa 1885-1890, many by Eduardo Fiorillo. They were most likely purchased by the donor, Frank W. Stokes, when he lived and studied in France from 1887-1892. Some of the artists appear to have been fellow students, friends, and instructors of Mr. Stokes. He provided annotations on roughly one-third of the photographs, describing personal anecdotes and opinions regarding the artists. These annotations have been transcribed in the container list below.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged alphabetically by artist.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

These records are open for research under the conditions of The Frick Collection and Frick Art Reference Library Archives Access Policy. For all inquiries or to schedule an appointment, please contact the Archives Department at archives@frick.org.

Provenance

Gift of Frank W. Stokes, 1940.

Processing Information

Arranged and described by Sally Brazil, 1999; Shannon Yule, 2008.

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Related Materials

Related Materials

Photographs of artists in their Paris studios, 1880-1890. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Ateliers d'artistes, 1880-1910. Institut national d'histoire de l'art (INHA), Paris, France.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Albumen Prints.
  • Photographs--19th century.

Personal Name(s)

  • Stokes, Frank Wilbert, 1858-1955.
  • Fiorillo, Eduardo.

Subject(s)

  • Artists' studios--France--Paris--History--19th century--Pictorial works.
  • Painters.
  • Sculptors.

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Physical Condition

The photographs are bowed and the cardboard mounts are fragile.

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Collection Inventory

1 1

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 1b

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 2

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "a veritable master sculptor"

circa 1885-1890

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1 3

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 4

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A fine portrait painter"

circa 1885-1890

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1 5

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 6

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "This Besnard supernaturally skillful and a fine colorist. His technique remarkable. On his last visit to New York I met him at reception on 57th St. in acad. building - where also was his gifted wife. He was well-bred - Ex Senator Clark and [ ] wife - there I chatted with them."

circa 1885-1890

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1 7

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 8

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 9

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 10

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 11

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 12

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 13

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 14

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 15

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 16

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "remarkable draughtsman"

circa 1885-1890

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1 17

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 18

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 19

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Fine decorative artist and original man of ideas with fine technique"

circa 1885-1890

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1 20

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 21

 

[female artist]

circa 1885-1890

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1 22

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 23

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 24

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 25

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 26

 

Photographer: Eduardo Fiorillo. Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A master sculptor."

circa 1885-1890

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1 27

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 28

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A splendid draughtsman and master. A noble and great character who would have been a great statesman if he had wished and adored by all his [pupils]- FWS one of his pupils"

circa 1885-1890
1 29

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 30

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 31

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 32

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 33

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 34

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 35

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 36

 

circa 1885-1890

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1 37

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 1

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 2

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 3

 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

circa 1885-1890

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2 4

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A wonderful draughtsman and composer - bigness in design [stature]"

circa 1885-1890

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2 5

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 6

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "My fine instructor at Julian's atelier - a dignified gentle master draughtsman."

circa 1885-1890

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2 7

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 8

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 9

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 10

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 11

 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Merson whom I knew, a very practical artist, a wonderfully gifted person - modest, large hearted - whose design holds him a rare master. It was an honor and pleasure to know Merson. His pupils rightfully adored him."

circa 1885-1890

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2 12

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 13

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 14

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 15

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 16

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 17

 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Munkacsy - a wonderful colorist and composer - powerful draughtsman - dramatic - I and several American artists visited Munkacsy during the exhibition of his Christ Before Pilate and Crucifixion. He was very dignified almost austere - he with a certain air aristocratic apologized that he had so little work on hand."

circa 1885-1890

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2 18

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 19

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Marguril"

circa 1885-1890

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2 20

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Remarkably gifted in style and original technique"

circa 1885-1890

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2 21

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 22

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 22b

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 23

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 24

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Rolshoven talented and returned to US where he rather deliquesced into a semi-diligent attitude and died unappreciated."

circa 1885-1890

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2 25

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Roybets cavalier splendid in color and solid in facture well composed - a master of his time"

circa 1885-1890

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2 26

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 27

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 28

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 29

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 30

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 31

 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Truesdell - whose country manners belied his real talent. His affluent brother [?] pushed him."

circa 1885-1890

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2 32

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 33

 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A gentleman in every way. An erudite sincere and accomplished artist - enjoyed his quiet dignified generous spirit. When I last met him in Paris he regretted he had not been in America."

circa 1885-1890

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2 34

 

circa 1885-1890

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2 35

 

circa 1885-1890

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