Finding Aid for the Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection, circa 1885-1890 MS.14

Summary Information

Repository
The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives10 East 71st Street
New York, NY, 10021
archives@frick.org
 © 2010 The Frick Collection. All rights reserved.
Creator
Stokes, Frank Wilbert, 1858-1955.
Title
Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection
ID
MS.14
Date
circa 1885-1890
Extent
1.0 Linear feet  (2 boxes, 4 oversize folders)
Abstract
Seventy-four photographs of artists in their Paris studios circa 1885-1890, collected by artist Frank W. Stokes.

Preferred Citation

Photographs of Artists in Their Studios Collection, circa 1885-1890. Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.

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Historical Note

Frank W. Stokes (1858-1955), a New York artist known for his paintings of the polar regions, which he called "icescapes," was born in Nashville, Tennessee. He first studied under Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia. Stokes spent five years in France from 1887-1892, studying in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Jean Leon Gerome (see box 1, folder 29) and at the Academie Colarossi and Academie Julian under Gustave Boulanger and Jules Lefebvre (box 2, folder 6).

Upon returning to America, Stokes served as staff artist for three Robert Edwin Peary expeditions to Greenland and the Arctic Regions from 1892-1894. He also joined Otto Nordenskjold in a 1901 expedition to Antarctica. These experiences provided inspiration for hundreds of paintings of the Polar Regions. Stokes' "icescapes" were exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian, and other galleries and museums in London, Paris, and the U.S. He authored several illustrated articles based on his polar experiences for Century Magazine, including an "An Artist in the Antarctic" and "The Aurora Borealis."

Mr. Stokes' most familiar works of art are the commissioned mural decorations of the Eskimo Hall in the American Museum of Natural History. These paintings of the Greenland Eskimos were presented to the museum by Arthur Curtiss James in 1909.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains seventy-four albumen prints mounted on cardboard. They range in size from 9 x 11.5 in. to 10 x 12 in. The photographs are images of artists in their Paris studios taken circa 1885-1890. The photographer is unknown. They were most likely purchased by the donor, Frank W. Stokes, when he lived and studied in France from 1887-1892. Some of the artists appear to have been fellow students, friends, and instructors of Mr. Stokes. He provided annotations on roughly one-third of the photographs, describing personal anecdotes and opinions regarding the artists. These annotations have been transcribed in the container list below.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged alphabetically by artist.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

These records are open for research under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives access policy. Contact the Archives Department for further information at archives@frick.org.

Provenance

Gift of Frank W. Stokes, 1940.

Processing Information

Arranged and described by Sally Brazil, 1999; Shannon Yule, 2008.

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Related Materials

Related Materials

[Artists in their Paris studios,] 1880-1890. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Albumen Prints.
  • Photographs--19th century.

Personal Name(s)

  • Stokes, Frank Wilbert, 1858-1955.

Subject(s)

  • Artists' studios--France--Paris--History--19th century--Pictorial works.
  • Painters.
  • Sculptors.

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Physical Condition

The photographs are bowed and the cardboard mounts are fragile.

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Collection Inventory

1 1

Antocolsky, M.
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 2

Barrias, Félix Joseph, 1822-1907
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "a veritable master sculptor"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 3

Beers, Jan Van, 1852-1927
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 4

Benjamin-Constant, 1845-1902
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A fine portrait painter"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 5

Béraud, Jean, 1849-1935
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 6

Besnard, Paul Albert, 1849-1934
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "This Besnard supernaturally skillful and a fine colorist. His technique remarkable. On his last visit to New York I met him at reception on 57th St. in acad. building - where also was his gifted wife. He was well-bred - Ex Senator Clark and [ ] wife - there I chatted with them."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 7

Bisbing, H. Singlewood (Henry Singlewood), 1849-1933
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 8

Bonnat, Léon Joseph Florentin, 1833-1922
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Leon Bonnat at work on decoration for [Pantheon] at Paris"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 9

Boucher, Alfred, 1850-1934
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 10

Boutigny, Paul-Emile, 1854-1929
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 11

Bridgman, Frederick Arthur, 1847-1928
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 12

Brouillet, André, 1857-1914
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 13

Brunet, Jean Jacques Baptiste, b. 1850
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 14

Chocarne Moreau, Paul Charles
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 15

Cormon, Fernand, 1854-1924
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A great artist in composition. A master consummate painter and draughtsman."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 16

Courtois, Gustave, 1852-1923
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "remarkable draughtsman"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 17

Dameron, Emile Charles, 1848-1908
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 18

Dannat, William Turner, 1853-1929
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 19

Dubufe, Guillaume, 1853-1909
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Fine decorative artist and original man of ideas with fine technique"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 20

Duez, Ernest-Ange, 1843-1896
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 21

Esman, [?]
 

[female artist]

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 22

Fernández Checa, Ulpiano, 1860-1916
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 23

Ferrier, Gabriel, 1847-1914
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 24

Foubert, Emile, 1848-1911
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 25

Français, Louis, 1814-1897
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 26

Frémiet, Emmanuel, 1824-1910
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A master sculptor"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 27

Gay, Walter, 1856-1937
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 28

Gilbert, Victor Gabriel, 1847-1935
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 29

Gérôme, Jean Léon, 1824-1904
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A splendid draughtsman and master. A noble and great character who would have been a great statesman if he had wished and adored by all his [pupils]- FWS one of his pupils"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 30

Greatorex, Eliza, 1819-1897
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 31

Greatorex, Elizabeth Eleanor, b. 1854
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 32

Greatorex, Kathleen Honora, (1851-1913)
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 33

Gross, Peter Alfred, 1849-1914
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 34

Guillaume, Eugène, 1822-1905
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 35

Guillemet, Antoine, 1843-1918
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 36

Harpignies, Henri, 1819-1916
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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1 37

Howe, William Henry, 1846-1929
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 1

Jiménez Aranda, Luis, 1845-1928
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 2

Klumpke, Anna, 1856-1942
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 3

Knight, Ridgway, 1839-1924
 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Knight, Ridgway, 1839-1924, circa 1885-1890

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 4

Laurens, Jean-Paul, 1838-1921
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A wonderful draughtsman and composer - bigness in design [stature]"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 5

Lee-Robbins, Lucy, 1865-1943
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 6

Lefebvre, Jules, 1836-1911
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "My fine instructor at Julian's atelier - a dignified gentle master draughtsman."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 7

Lemaire, Madeleine-Jeanne Coll, 1845-1928
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 8

Luna, Juan, 1857-1899
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 9

MacEwan, Walter, 1860-1943
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 10

Marguril, [?]
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 11

Melchers, Gari, 1860-1932
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 12

Merson, Luc Oliver, 1846-1920
 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Merson whom I knew, a very practical artist, a wonderfully gifted person - modest, large hearted - whose design holds him a rare master. It was an honor and pleasure to know Merson. His pupils rightfully adored him."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 13

Michelena, Arturo, 1863-1898
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 14

Moore, Harry Humphrey, 1844-1926
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 15

Moreau de Tours, Georges, 1848-1901
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 16

Mosler, Henry, 1841-1920
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 17

Munier, Emile, 1840-1895
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 18

Munkácsy, Mihály, 1844-1900
 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Munkacsy - a wonderful colorist and composer - powerful draughtsman - dramatic - I and several American artists visited Munkacsy during the exhibition of his Christ Before Pilate and Crucifixion. He was very dignified almost austere - he with a certain air aristocratic apologized that he had so little work on hand."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 19

Peuch, Denys, 1854-1942
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 20

Raffaëlli, Jean François, 1850-1924
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Remarkably gifted in style and original technique"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 21

Ralli, Théodore Jacques, 1852-1909
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 22

Robert-Fleury, Tony, 1837-1911
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 23

Roll, Alfred Philippe, 1846-1919
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 24

Rolshoven, Julius C., 1858-1930
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Rolshoven talented and returned to US where he rather deliquesced into a semi-diligent attitude and died unappreciated."

link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 25

Roybet, Ferdinand Victor Léon, 1840-1920
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Roybets cavalier splendid in color and solid in facture well composed - a master of his time"

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 26

Sala Francés, Emilio, 1850-1910
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 27

Signorini, G.
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 28

Stewart, Julius LeBlanc, 1855-1919
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 29

Straeten, George van der, 1856-1928
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 30

Taylor, [?]
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 31

Truesdell, Gaylord Sangston, 1850-1899
 

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "Truesdell - whose country manners belied his real talent. His affluent brother [?] pushed him."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 32

Vuillefroy, Félix Dominique de, 1841-1910
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 33

Weeks, Edwin Lord
 

Photocopy in folder, original stored in MS Oversize Box A.

Frank W. Stokes annotation: "A gentleman in every way. An erudite sincere and accomplished artist - enjoyed his quiet dignified generous spirit. When I last met him in Paris he regretted he had not been in America."

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 34

Wertheimer, Gustave, 1847-1904
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 35

Wood, J.
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 36

Unidentified female artist
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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2 37

Unidentified male artist
 

Link to digital image
circa 1885-1890

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