Past Exhibition: Men in Armor

Men in Armor: El Greco and Pulzone Face to Face
August 5, 2014 to October 26, 2014
oil painting of man, from waist up, in black and gold armor with helmet on table

From 1570 to 1576, El Greco (1541–1614) worked in Rome, where he endeavored to establish himself as a portrait painter. The artist’s magnificent Vincenzo Anastagi ― a full-length standing portrait representing the largest of only three examples of his work in this genre to survive from the period ― offers a vital expression of his ambition and invention. To mark the 400th anniversary of El Greco’s death, the Frick paired Vincenzo Anastagi, purchased by Henry Clay Frick in 1913, with the rarely seen Portrait of Jacopo Boncompagni  by the artist’s Roman contemporary Scipione Pulzone (ca. 1540/42–1598), on loan from a private collection. Both subjects are depicted wearing armor, which communicated a complex range of associations with masculinity, military valor, wealth, and social status. Pulzone’s refined portrait of Boncompagni, commander of the papal army during the reign of his father, Pope Gregory XIII, epitomizes the elegant style that dominated high-society portraiture in late sixteenth-century Rome. El Greco’s expressive portrayal of Anastagi, appointed by Boncompagni as sergeant major of Rome’s Castel Sant’Angelo in 1575, stands in stark contrast, underscoring the artist’s innovative departures from convention. The exhibition was organized by Jeongho Park, Anne L. Poulet Curatorial Fellow. 

This exhibition was accompanied by a catalogue

The exhibition was generously funded by gifts from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and Sidney R. Knafel and Londa Weisman in memory of Vera and Walter A. Eberstadt.

Scipione Pulzone (ca. 1540/42–98), Jacopo Boncompagni, 1574. Oil on canvas, 48 x 39 1/8 in. Private collection; courtesy Jean-Luc Baroni Ltd.; photo Michael Bodycomb (left)

El Greco (1541–1614), Vincenzo Anastagi, ca. 1575. Oil on canvas, 74 x 49 7/8 in. The Frick Collection; photo Michael Bodycomb (right)


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