Paulus Pontius (1603–1658) after Anthony van Dyck (1599–1641)
Stadholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, ca. 1638 (?)
Engraving (third state)
19 × 13 1/2 in. (48.3 × 34.2 cm)
Frits Lugt Collection, Fondation Custodia, Paris
Fredrick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadholder of the Dutch Republic between 1625 and 1647, became an important patron of Van Dyck’s after the artist’s return from Italy in 1628. The history paintings he commissioned speak to his ambition to raise the artistic prestige of his court, and the portraits were the first Van Dyck made for a head of state and his family. Here, Paulus Pontius’s polished engraving technique skillfully translates the tone and color of Van Dyck’s painted portrait of Frederick Henry. The added parapet bears an inscription listing the stadholder’s titles, and the commander’s baton projects into the viewer’s space, lending greater depth to the composition.